Program Image Religion and Pluralism, Ancient & Modern

Religion and Pluralism, Ancient & Modern


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Since time immemorial, there has been a tension between 'us' and 'them'. Which role did in- and exclusion play in antiquity? What are the boundaries of tolerance in societies, in past and present?

In Europe, this tension is strongly felt in relations between Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Partly due to present migration from Islamic countries, questions of political identity and 'belonging' are still strongly linked to religious persuasion. This MA-track focuses on the (internal) diversity, existence and coexistence of the three major monotheistic religions, and how these relationships have shaped our contemporary societies. You will explore the impact of religious diversity on social identity formation in the Graeco-Roman and late antique periods, and analyse the role of tolerance and acceptance, of rejection and exclusion in their mutual relationships during the last two millennia.

You will focus on a historical and philological analysis of the textual sources documenting the contacts among these religious traditions, by approaching them from different angles and with diverse methods: archaeology, codicology, paleography, epigraphy, textual analysis and interpretation.

This track is unique due to both the interdisciplinary study of ancient Jewish, Christian and Islamic traditions, and the possibility of combining with a modern specialization (see programme below).




Master of Arts


1 year

ECTS credits



Numerus Fixus

Tuition fee 2024/2025

€ 2,530

€ 18,700

€ 15,900


Application requirements

Bachelor's degree in Theology, Religious Studies, Arts, Philosophy or Social Science (e.g. Anthropology, Psychology, Sociology). Depending on your former study and courses a reading package will be provided. We assume that you are aware of the concepts and theoretical discussions outlined in this literature. Students with another bachelor's degree may be admitted via a pre-master's programme.

An overview of the courses from the bachelor's programme followed with an explanation of these courses.

An English language test for Dutch students is only important if you do not have a VWO-diploma. TOEFL: 90 internet; IELTS: 6.5 (6.0 on each part). Exemption granted if: -You are a native speaker of, and have completed your full secondary level education in: the USA, Canada (only when taught in English), the UK, Ireland, Australia, or New Zealand. - You have completed a full-time Bachelor programme (nominal duration of at least three years) in: the USA, Canada (only when English taught), the U

Language requirements

IELTS overall band
TOEFL internet based

Check when you can start and what you have to pay!

Tuition fees  
€ 2,530
€ 18,700
€ 15,900
Start date App. deadline EU/EEA App. deadline Non-EU/EEA
1 Sep '24 1 May '24 1 May '24
1 Sep '25 1 May '25 1 May '25
1 Sep '26 1 May '26 1 May '26


You can check if you're eligible for scholarships that apply to this course.

NL Scholarship

The NL Scholarship is meant for international students from outside the European Economic Area (EEA) who want to do their bachelor’s or master’s in the Netherlands.


University of Groningen

Main address
Oude Boteringestraat 44
9712 GL Groningen
050 363 9011

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